The course is set in the framework of Cognitive Linguistics and concentrates on Conceptual Metaphor Theory. We will first discuss linguistic metaphors as described by Lakoff and Johnson (1980). This part will include such issues as classification of metaphors, mappings, unidirectionality, highlighting and hiding, conventionality and non-conventionality of metaphors as well as their cultural basis.
We will then move to pictorial and multimodal metaphors, adopting mainly Forceville’s approach. The assumption is that metaphors are not only rendered verbally but may be expressed by means of other modes such as gesture, music or picture. On this theoretical basis, we will proceed to the cognitive analysis of linguistic and non-linguistic material. The language of the course is English, however, the students are encouraged to choose also Polish, Ukrainian or Russian linguistic data for the analysis. Since we are going to focus on cultural aspect of metaphors, cross-linguistic comparison of data coming from, for example, literary fiction, films, posters, advertising campaigns is also a possibility.
The course will be practical, which means that after the discussion of the necessary theoretical basis and sample analyses in order to practice, the students will look for their own data and present it to other students for an analysis. On this basis, and depending on the module they are registering the course with, the students will write a term paper discussing the metaphors presented and analysed in class. In order to facilitate the writing, the course will include some elements of academic writing valid for papers in linguistic. Again depending on the module chosen, the assessment will include the presentation and /or the paper.