Human social perception and communication requires the efficient analysis and representation of person-related information. Faces or voices convey a large variety of socially relevant information including a person’s identity, emotions, gender, attractiveness, age, ethnic background or focus of attention. Cognitive (Bruce & Young, 1986; Young & Bruce, 2011) and neurocognitive models (Haxby, Hoffmann, & Gobbini, 2000; Young, Frühholz & Schweinberger, 2020) of face and person perception acknowledge a degree of independence between these different aspects of perception which may be mediated by different types of ”diagnostic” stimulus information. In this seminar, students will present and discuss current research that aims at an integrative view on person perception that combines social, cognitive, and neuroscientific perspectives. Specifically, we will discuss a number of current empirical and review articles in the field, some of which have been published in recent special issues on Person Perception in the British Journal of Psychology (Schweinberger & Burton, 2011) and Visual Cognition (Yovel, Avidan, & O´Toole, 2017). Topics will include mental representations of familiar and unfamiliar faces, development of face perception, commonalities and differences between face and voice perception, social cognition, semantic representation of people, underlying brain systems, and individual differences in person perception and human interaction.
Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., & Gobbini, M. I. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(6), 223-233.
Schweinberger, S. R. & Burton, A. M. (2011). Person perception 25 years after Bruce and Young (1986): An introduction. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 695-703.
Schirmer, A. (2018). Is the voice an auditory face? An ALE meta-analysis comparing vocal and facial emotion processing. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13(1), 1-13. doi:10.1093/scan/nsx142
Young, A. W., Fruhholz, S., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2020). Face and voice perception: Understanding commonalities and differences. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, in press. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2020.02.001
Yovel, G., Avidan, G., & O´Toole, A.J. (2017). Person Perception (Special Issue). Visual Cognition, 25: 4-6, 413 ff. DOI:10.1080/13506285.2017.1414116